ABOUT PROTECTIVE CULTIVATION
In the present day the open farming is suffering a lot due to unpredictable weather and climatic conditions. In conventional agriculture practices, the crop is grown in open area under natural conditions and are vulnerable to uncontrolled changes in climate like temperature , rainfall , humidity , etc which affects the quality and yield of crop may decline. It is the need of hour to shift towards the method of control farming which yields better results due to controlled environmental conditions. Polyhouse/Net house farming is an alternative new technique of agriculture in India. It reduces dependency on rainfall and makes the optimum use of land and water resources. Polyhouses/Net houses are structures utilized as protective cultivation to make the plants grow well in unfavorable climate. This technology helps in when plants, in particular period of the year cannot be grown in open areas where the climate is uncertain and quality crop is under jeopardy. Protected cultivation has been evolved to create favorable micro-climates, which favors the production of crop all around the year or part of the year as required.
ADVANTAGES OF PROTECTIVE CULTIVATION
- Water is saved in large scale compared to irrigation in open filed. Higher yield is there in a small area.
- The growth of Crop is healthier, uniform and matures fast.
- Efficiency of fertilizers and manure increases.
- Cost of fertilizers, pesticides and labor gets reduced.
- The lands which are not suitable for traditional farming can also be brought under controlled cultivation.
- Less chances of disease attack, thus reduction in disease control cost.
- Increase in yield as compared to traditional farming.
- Increase in reliability of crops.
- Useful in monitoring and controlling the instability of various ecological system.
- Production can be adjusted/controlled according to the requirement.